Engineering & Simulation Consultants

Best  Way To Transport Hydrogen Over long distances

As a manufactured fuel, hydrogen can be produced in a decentralised manner in most countries around the world. This means even in a net zero economy, the global trade of hydrogen could look quite different from the current international trade in fossil fuels including natural gas. With further declines in the costs of renewable electricity and electrolysers, regions with lower-cost renewable electricity may develop an economic advantage in the production of low-cost hydrogen. However, for hydrogen to become a globally traded commodity, the cost of imports needs to be lower than the cost of domestic production. Unlike oil or natural gas, transporting hydrogen over long distances is not an easy task. Hydrogen liquefaction is an extremely energy-intensive process. Maintaining the low temperature required for long-distance transportation and storage results in additional energy losses and associated costs. The upside is that hydrogen can be converted into multiple carriers that have a higher energy density and higher transport capacity, potentially making them cheaper to transport over long distances.

Among the substances currently identified as potential hydrogen carriers suitable for marine shipping, liquid ammonia, the so-called ‘liquid organic hydrogen carriers’ in general (toluene-methylcyclohexane (MCH) in particular) and methanol have received the most attention in recent years.
This paper compares the key techno-economic characteristics of these potential carriers with that of liquefied hydrogen to develop a better understanding of the ways in which hydrogen could be transported overseas efficiently. The paper also discusses other factors beyond techno-economic features that may affect the choice of optimum hydrogen carrier for long-distance transport and the global trade of hydrogen.

Transporting H2 over long distances - Jimmy Lea P/L

Hydrogen Engineering

We offer comprehensive hydrogen engineering services focused on designing sustainable hydrogen plants, including modular hydrogen plants, for the production of hydrogen gas as fuel. Our expertise encompasses every stage of the design process, including conceptual design, front-end engineering design (FEED) and detailed engineering design. We distinguish ourselves through our performance-based design verification, utilising advanced in-house simulation capabilities to ensure optimal outcomes.

Dehydrogenation of MCH - Jimmy Lea P/L

Dehydrogenation of MCH Over Pt-based Catalyts Supported on Granular Activated Carbon 

The dehydrogenation of methylcyclohexane over Pt-based catalysts supported on functional granular activated carbon was developed. Sulphuric acid, hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid and aminopropyl triethoxy silane were adopted to modify the granular activated carbon. The structural characterisations suggested that the carbon materials had a large surface area, abundant pore structure and a high number of oxygen-containing functional groups, which influenced the Pt-based catalysts on the particle size, dispersion and dehydrogenation activity. The hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction technique was utilised to investigate the interaction between the active component Pt and the various functionalised granular activated carbon materials. The CO pulse technique revealed the particle sizes and dispersion of the as-prepared Pt-based catalysts. Finally, the Pt-based catalysts were successfully applied to study their catalytic activity in the dehydrogenation reaction of methylcyclohexane. The results showed that the Pt-based catalyst over granular activated carbon functionalised with sulphuric acid groups had a higher conversion of methylcyclohexane (63%) and a larger hydrogen evolution rate (741.1 mmol/gPt1/min) than the other resulting Pt-based catalysts at 300 °C.